Blood Pressure and Massage

 
  • This study used chair massage and diaphragmatic breathing to lower blood pressure, stress, and anxiety levels over one week or six weeks time periods. Results indicated a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure levels for the one week post massage intervention measurement with decreased diastolic blood pressure as well. (Jefferson, L.L. Exploring effects of therapeutic massage and patient teaching in the practice of diaphragmatic breathing on blood pressure, stress, and anxiety in hypertensive African-American women: an intervention study. SourceJournal of National Black Nurses Association. 21(1):17-24, 2010 Jul.) Abstract
  • Thirty women either received massage in the form of a full-body light pressure effleurage treatment, or a control visit. Light pressure effleurage massage decreased the deterioration of natural killer cell activity. Furthermore it lowered heart rate and systolic blood pressure. (Billhult, A., Lindholm, C., Gunnarsson, R., Stener-Victorin, E. The effect of massage on immune function and stress in women with breast cancer - A randomized controlled trial. Autonomic Neuroscience, Volume 150, Issues 1-2, 5 October 2009, Pages 111-115.) Abstract
  • Assessed the effects of workplace-based massage therapy on physiological and psychological outcomes. Used a field experiment in which 28 participants were randomly assigned into either an experimental or control group. The experimental group received weekly massage treatments at work for a four week period while the control group did not. Both strain and blood pressure were significantly reduced during treatment for the experimental group but not for the control group. (A.L. Day, L. Gillan, L. Francis, E.K. Kelloway, M. Natarajan. Massage therapy in the workplace: Reducing employee strain and blood pressure. Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia. Supplemento B, Psicologia 2009; Vol. 31.) Abstract
  • This study involved 263 volunteers with an average age of 48.5 with moderate to severe muscle spasm/muscle strain. The massages were between 45 and 60 minutes in duration. Results demonstrated an average systolic pressure reduction of 10.4 mm Hg, a diastolic pressure reduction of 5.3 mm Hg, a mean arterial pressure reduction of 7.0 mm Hg, and an average heart rate reduction of 10.8 beats per minute. (Kaye, A.D., Kaye, A. J., Swinford, J., Baluch, A., Bawcom, B.A., Lambert, T. J., Hoover, J.M. The Effect of Deep-Tissue Massage Therapy on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, March 2008, 14(2): 125-128.) Abstract
  • In a study on 150 adults receiving massage showed reduced systolic blood pressure after massage therapy treatments. (Cambron, J. A., Dexheimer, J., Coe, P. Changes in Blood Pressure After Various Forms of Therapeutic Massage: A Preliminary Study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, January/February 2006, 12(1): 65-70.) Abstract
  • This study over a 12-week period examined the effects of massage on blood pressure. Massage decreased systolic blood pressure directly after treatment. Over 8 weeks, massage decreased systolic and diastolic blood pressure(Aourell, Moa; Skoog, Martina; Carleson, J. Effects of Swedish massage on blood pressure. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 11(4):242-6, 2005 Nov.) Abstract
  • This study tested the effects of a regularly applied back massage on the blood pressure of patients with clinically diagnosed hypertension. A 10-min back massage was given to the experimental group, three times a week for 10 sessions. Analysis showed significant decrease in systolic and diastolic blood pressure(Olney, C. M. The effect of therapeutic back massage in hypertensive persons: a preliminary study. Biological Research for Nursing. 7(2):98-105, 2005 Oct.) Abstract
  • In a study on hypertensive adults, sitting diastolic blood pressure decreased after the first and last massage therapy sessions for the massage therapy group, and reclining diastolic blood pressure decreased from the first to the last day of the study. Although both groups reported less anxiety, only the massage therapy group reported less depression and hostility and showed decreased urinary and salivary hormone levels (cortisol). Massage therapy may be effective in reducing diastolic blood pressure and symptoms associated with hypertension(Hernandez-Reif, M., Field, T., Krasnegor, J., Theakston, H., Hossain, Z., & Burman, I. (2000). High blood pressure and associated symptoms were reduced by massage therapy. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 4, 31-38.) Abstract
  • This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 15-min on-site massage while seated in a chair on reducing stress as indicated by blood pressure. 52 white collar state government employee’s blood pressures were measured before and after a 15-min massage at work. Analysis showed a significant reduction in participants’ systolic and diastolic blood pressure after receiving the massage although there was no control group. (Cady, Steven H.; Jones, Gwen E. Massage therapy as a workplace intervention for reduction of stress. Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol 84(1), Feb 1997, 157-158.) Abstract
  • Massage reduces blood pressure and heart rate. (Fakouri, C., Jones, P. Relaxation Rx: Slow Stroke Back Rub. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 13 (2): 32-35; Feb 1987. http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1988-14945-001.) Abstract